Our health is directly proportional to the food we consume. And what we eat depends on the choice of food we eat. If we eat right, we’ll live, feel and think right. A large part of our day is spent in consuming food items at regular intervals to get the energy required for doing work and play. That’s’ why our forefathers have always laid a high emphasis on eating right kind of food for a healthy lifestyle. A balanced mix of all important nutrients like carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals and water is what our body needs for proper and uninhibited functioning.

Carbohydrates are compounds of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen and are real energy boosters. They can be consumed in the form of breads, grains, rice and starchy vegetables.

For structural building and maintenance, proteins are a must; they are indispensable for making enzymes for various reactions, hormones for growth, antibodies to fight diseases, haemoglobin for transporting nutrients. Dairy food, pulses, legumes, beans, meat, fish, eggs constitute body-building foods, if taken in suitable portions.

Lipids/fats in the form of stored energy below our skin are significant for body temperature regulation and insulation. Oils, ghee, butter, cheese, fatty cuts of meat in moderate quantities should be included in our diet.

Vitamins or ‘Vital Emines’ are required in enzyme reactions and since body is unable to manufacture most of these, we need to have their suitable intake in the form of fruits, vegetables, dairy products, eggs, fish and even sunlight. So it’s highly recommended to include citrus fruits, tomatoes, berries, melons, bell peppers, broccoli for Vit C; egg, fish, meat, sunlight for Vit D; nuts, whole grains, beans, green vegetables, seafood for Vit E, K, B1, and dairy products, eggs, fruits for Vit A, B2 and the list goes on.

Though required in small quantities, different minerals are essential for different reasons. They are ions found in body fluids like blood plasma and cell cytoplasm. In addition, they represent the chemical composition of bones and teeth and contribute to nerve and muscle activity. One must endorse salt for sodium and iodine, nuts for copper, iron, eggs for zinc; phosphorus, fruits, beans and vegetables for manganese; potassium, iron, dairy products and greens for calcium, etc.

Last but not the least is the elixir of life, water without which we cannot survive beyond 3 days. The ideal quantity of water intake is 3-4 litres for women and 4-5 litres for men for smooth functioning of our physiological mechanisms.

The crux of all this is that one cannot have a particular food item for augmenting a certain biological function or for amplifying growth of a certain area but if we get habitual of consuming wholesome meals, we can ensure maintaining a healthy body.

A healthy body, as they say, nurtures a healthy mind which helps in uplifting our mood and personality.


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